The Heat on Pyongyang: How Resolution 2371 Affects North Korea
Resolution 2371. This UN resolution probably means very little to the common person, but to North Korea, this was a “gut punch” of a resolution as the United States UN representative Nikki Haley stated. North Korea throughout 2017 has been engaging in various ballistic missile tests and this resolution effectively punishes them in a very extreme way for doing so. North Korea’s export revenue has been cut by $3 billion including reducing main exports iron and seafood. According to the UN “the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea shall not supply, sell or transfer coal, iron, iron ore, seafood, lead and lead ore to other countries.”
This resolution was unanimously voted upon and even had Russia and China making the same decision in voting to pass it, which is very rare. All 15 members of the UN Security Council found this issue to be of the highest importance as North Korea throughout the past month has been threatening attacks on the United States. The UN wants to reaffirm its stance that North Korea should “abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner.”
In addition, the new resolution called for a meeting between six nations, Japan, Russia, North Korea, United States, China, and South Korea. These meetings have the intent of denuclearization of North Korea and the Korean peninsula. The resolution positively impacts humanitarian aid efforts to North Korea as the UN now facilitates NGO’s efforts within in the nation.
As well as limiting exports, actions such as preventing hiring North Korean workers, and putting North Korean Banks on UN blacklists have been taken. Further steps may need to be taken as the world awaits the reaction to the new resolution and again they will be elephantine, and unanimous.